What is the problem with GST in India? Here’s the Solution to all the Problems

What is the problem with GST in India?


India’s Goods and Services Tax (GST) was hailed as a revolutionary tax reform that would simplify the country’s cumbersome taxation system. Implemented in 2017, GST promised to usher in a new era of transparency, efficiency, and ease of doing business. However, over five years later, the GST regime continues to grapple with significant challenges that undermine its intended benefits. From complex tax structures to technical glitches, several issues have plagued businesses and taxpayers alike. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the top five problems with India’s GST and provide insights into potential solutions.

The Complexity of Multiple GST Tax Slabs:

One of the most pressing problems with the GST regime is the multiplicity of tax slabs. Despite the initial vision of a unified tax structure, the current system features five primary GST rates: 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. Additionally, there are special rates like 0.25%, 3%, and reduced rates for specific sectors under the composition scheme. This diversity in tax rates has created confusion and complexity, making compliance a daunting task for businesses, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Overwhelming Compliance Burden:

While GST aimed to simplify tax procedures, the reality has been quite the opposite. Businesses, particularly SMEs, struggle with the intricate filing processes and periodic returns. The compliance burden has increased significantly, consuming valuable resources and increasing the risk of inadvertent errors that could lead to legal complications. This burden not only hinders operational efficiency but also discourages entrepreneurship and growth.

Delayed Input Tax Credit Refunds:

A major concern for businesses operating under the GST regime is the delay in Input Tax Credit (ITC) refunds. These refunds are crucial for maintaining healthy cash flows, and any delay can adversely impact businesses, particularly those with limited financial resources. The delayed refund process has led to liquidity issues, hampering operations and growth opportunities for many enterprises.

Ambiguity Around Anti-Profiteering Rules:

The concept of anti-profiteering under GST was introduced to ensure that businesses pass on the benefits of reduced tax rates to consumers. However, the lack of clear guidelines on what constitutes profiteering has resulted in ambiguity, making it challenging for businesses to determine compliance. This uncertainty has led to legal disputes and hindered the intended positive impact on consumers.

Technical Glitches with the GST Portal:

Despite efforts to digitize and streamline the taxation process, technical glitches in the GST portal remain a persistent issue. Businesses frequently encounter challenges in filing returns, generating e-way bills, and navigating the portal for various processes. These technical issues not only disrupt operations but also erode confidence in the system, potentially leading to non-compliance and revenue losses for the government.

Overcoming the Challenges:

Addressing these challenges is crucial to realizing the full potential of the GST regime. Here are some potential solutions:

Simplify the tax slab structure:

Policymakers should consider consolidating the multiple tax slabs into a fewer number of rates, reducing complexity and improving compliance.

Enhance technological infrastructure:

Investing in robust and user-friendly IT systems for the GST portal can mitigate technical glitches and streamline processes.

Provide clear guidelines:

Issuing comprehensive and unambiguous guidelines on anti-profiteering rules and other aspects of GST can reduce confusion and legal disputes.

Expedite refund processes:

Implementing efficient mechanisms to process ITC refunds promptly can alleviate cash flow constraints for businesses.

Offer assistance and training:

Providing targeted support, guidance, and training programs can help businesses, especially SMEs, navigate the GST regime more effectively.
By addressing these challenges head-on, the Indian government can unlock the true potential of the GST regime, fostering a business-friendly environment, promoting compliance, and driving economic growth.


This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal or financial advice. Consult with professional experts at filingwala.com for personalized guidance on GST compliance, tax filing, and other legal business services.


What is the GST composition scheme?

The GST composition scheme is a simplified tax compliance regime for small taxpayers with an annual turnover below Rs. 1.5 crore. It allows them to pay GST at a fixed rate of turnover, reducing the compliance burden.

How can businesses claim Input Tax Credit refunds?

Businesses can claim ITC refunds by filing the appropriate GST returns and providing supporting documents. However, the process can be complex, and it is advisable to seek professional assistance from tax experts at filingwala.com.

What is the purpose of anti-profiteering rules under GST?

The anti-profiteering rules under GST aim to ensure that businesses pass on the benefits of reduced tax rates to consumers by way of commensurate reductions in prices.

How can businesses overcome technical issues with the GST portal?

While technical glitches can be frustrating, businesses can seek assistance from the GST helpdesk or consult with professional service providers like filingwala.com for guidance on navigating the portal effectively.

How can filingwala.com assist with GST compliance?

filingwala.com offers comprehensive GST compliance services, including tax filing, registration, advisory, and representation. Their team of experts can help businesses streamline GST processes, avoid penalties, and ensure seamless compliance.

By acknowledging and addressing these five major problems, India’s GST regime can truly become a “Good and Simple Tax” that fosters ease of doing business, promotes transparency, and drives economic growth.

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