How to Register for GST in India?

A Game-Changing Opportunity for Your Business

In the ever-evolving landscape of business and taxation, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has revolutionized India’s indirect tax system, bringing a unified approach to a previously complex web of taxes. If you’re an entrepreneur, a business owner, or simply someone navigating the intricate world of GST, this comprehensive guide is your ultimate companion on the path to tax compliance success.

Imagine a world where tax compliance is no longer a daunting task, but rather a streamlined process that empowers your business to thrive. The GST registration in India is a crucial step towards unlocking a plethora of benefits, from enhanced credibility and market access to seamless tax administration. And that’s precisely what we aim to achieve with this article – to demystify the GST registration process and equip you with the knowledge to navigate it with confidence and ease.

So, buckle up and get ready to embark on a journey that will not only simplify your tax obligations but also open doors to new opportunities. Whether you’re a seasoned business veteran or a budding entrepreneur, this guide will be your trusted ally, empowering you to conquer the GST registration process and position your business for long-term success.

Who Needs to Register for GST?

Before delving into the intricacies of GST registration, it’s essential to understand who is required to register. Not all businesses are mandated to obtain a GST registration; the requirement hinges on your annual turnover threshold.

Here’s a breakdown of the turnover thresholds that determine whether GST registration is mandatory for your business:

  • ₹40 lakh (₹4 million) for most states and Union Territories (UTs).
  • ₹20 lakh (₹2 million) for certain special category states, including the North-Eastern states and Himachal Pradesh.
  • ₹10 lakh (₹1 million) for suppliers making interstate supplies (selling goods or services across state borders).

Even if your turnover falls below these thresholds, registering for GST can be advantageous. By doing so, you can claim input tax credit (ITC) on your purchases, effectively reducing your overall tax burden. This strategic move can enhance your business’s competitiveness and profitability.

Reaping the Rewards: Benefits of GST Registration

While the GST registration process might seem daunting at first glance, the benefits it offers are undeniable. Here are some compelling reasons why obtaining a GST registration can be a game-changer for your business:

  1. Credibility and Market Access: A GST registration number is a badge of legitimacy that enhances your business’s credibility in the eyes of customers, suppliers, and potential partners. Moreover, it allows you to participate in larger tenders and contracts, opening up new avenues for growth and expansion.
  2. Input Tax Credit (ITC): One of the most significant advantages of GST registration is the ability to claim input tax credit on purchases. This means you can deduct the GST paid on your inputs (raw materials, services, etc.) from the GST collected on your sales, effectively reducing your overall tax liability.
  3. Simplified Tax Compliance: The GST regime has streamlined tax administration by consolidating multiple indirect taxes into a single, unified tax. This simplification reduces the burden of dealing with various tax authorities and compliance requirements, making it easier for businesses to focus on their core operations.
  4. Wider Market Reach: With a GST registration, selling goods and services across state borders becomes a seamless process. This opens up new markets and customer bases, allowing your business to tap into a broader pool of opportunities.
  5. Competitive Advantage: By registering for GST, you gain a competitive edge over unregistered businesses. Your ability to claim input tax credit and comply with GST regulations can translate into cost savings and increased efficiency, positioning your business as a more attractive option for customers and partners.

Preparing for Success: Documents Required for GST Registration

Before initiating the online registration process, it’s crucial to have the necessary documents readily available. Gather the following documents to ensure a smooth and efficient registration experience:

  1. PAN (Permanent Account Number) of the business entity.
  2. Aadhaar card of the authorized signatory (individual responsible for managing the GST account).
  3. Proof of business registration, such as a company registration certificate, shop act registration, or any other relevant document demonstrating your business’s legal existence.
  4. Proof of business place, such as an electricity bill, rent agreement, or any other document validating the physical location of your business operations.
  5. Bank account details, including a cancelled cheque or a bank statement reflecting your business’s account information.

Having these documents at hand will streamline the registration process and prevent unnecessary delays or complications.

Step-by-Step: The GST Registration Process

Now that you understand the importance of GST registration and have gathered the necessary documents, it’s time to dive into the registration process itself. The entire process is conducted online through the official GST portal (, and we’ll guide you through each step to ensure a seamless experience.

Initiate Registration

  1. Visit the GST portal ( and navigate to “Services” > “Registration” > “New Registration”.
  2. Under the “I am a” section, select “Taxpayer” and choose your state and district from the dropdown menus.
  3. Enter your business name, Permanent Account Number (PAN), email address, and mobile number.
    • If your mobile number is already linked to your PAN, some fields might pre-populate with existing information.
  4. Click “Proceed” to generate a Temporary Registration Number (TRN).

Part A: Applicant Details

Within 15 days of generating the TRN, you must complete Part A of the application form. This section requires detailed information about your business:

  1. Enter your business’s legal name, constitution type (e.g., proprietorship, partnership, company, etc.), and address details.
  2. Provide information about your promoters, directors, or partners, including their PAN details.
  3. Specify the nature of your business activity and choose the relevant business verticals from the provided options.
  4. Declare the bank accounts linked to your business operations.
  5. Upload scanned copies of the required documents (PAN, Aadhaar, proof of business registration, proof of business place, and bank account details).

Part B: Verification

After successfully submitting Part A, an One-Time Password (OTP) will be sent to your registered mobile number and email for verification purposes.

  1. Upon receiving the OTP, enter it in the designated field on the GST portal.
  2. Once the OTP is verified, you’ll be directed to Part B of the registration process, where you’ll add information about your authorized signatories.

Part B: Authorized Signatory

In Part B, you’ll provide details about the individual(s) who will be authorized to manage your GST account:

  1. Enter the PAN, name, designation, and relationship with the business for each authorized signatory.
  2. The authorized signatory will also need to undergo Aadhaar authentication as part of the verification process.

Verification by Authorized Signatory

  1. The authorized signatory will receive an OTP on their registered mobile number linked to their Aadhaar.
  2. Upon successful verification of the OTP, the application form will be digitally signed, marking the completion of the registration process.

Post-Registration Process

After the application form is digitally signed, it will be reviewed by the GST department. If everything is in order and all the provided information is accurate, you will receive your GST Registration Certificate (REG-01) electronically within 3-5 working days.

  1. Download and save the GST Registration Certificate for future reference.
  2. With your GST registration in place, you can now start filing GST returns and collecting GST on your sales.

Choosing the Right GST Scheme for Your Business

The GST framework offers different registration schemes catering to various business types and sizes. Understanding these schemes and selecting the one that best suits your business needs is crucial for optimizing your tax compliance and maximizing potential benefits.

  1. Regular Scheme: This scheme applies to most businesses exceeding the turnover threshold. It involves filing regular GST returns and paying tax on both purchases and sales. This scheme allows you to claim input tax credit (ITC) on your purchases, reducing your overall tax liability.
  2. Composition Scheme: The Composition Scheme is a simplified scheme designed for small businesses with an annual turnover below ₹1.5 crore (₹15 million). Under this scheme, a fixed tax rate is levied on your turnover, eliminating the need for filing detailed returns and claiming ITC. This option can be advantageous for businesses with limited input purchases.
  3. Other Special Schemes: Depending on your business model, you may qualify for other specialized schemes, such as the Unregistered Taxable Persons (UTP) scheme or the E-commerce Simplified Tax Scheme. These schemes offer tailored compliance requirements for specific business activities.

It’s essential to research and evaluate each scheme carefully to determine the one that best aligns with your business objectives and tax requirements. Consulting with a tax professional or seeking guidance from the GST authorities can help you make an informed decision.

Filing GST returns is a mandatory requirement for registered businesses. The frequency of filing depends on your turnover and the chosen GST scheme. Here’s an overview of the common GST return forms:

  1. GSTR-1: This monthly return captures details of your outward supplies (sales) made during the month. It’s essential to accurately report your sales transactions to ensure proper tax calculation and compliance.
  2. GSTR-3B: This consolidated return summarizes information from GSTR-1 (your sales) and purchases (inward supplies) reflected in GSTR-2A (received from your suppliers). It serves as a comprehensive report of your GST transactions and is used to calculate your final tax liability or refund.
  3. GSTR-2A: This auto-populated return reflects the purchase details as reported by your suppliers in their GSTR-1. It’s crucial to reconcile GSTR-2A with your actual purchases to ensure accurate tax calculations.
  4. Other Returns: Depending on your business activity and chosen GST scheme, additional returns like GSTR-4 (final return for composition taxpayers) or GSTR-9 (annual return) might be applicable. It’s essential to stay informed about the specific return filing requirements for your business.

Stay Ahead of the Curve: Important Deadlines

Timely filing of GST returns is crucial to maintain compliance and avoid penalties. The deadlines for filing GST returns vary depending on the return form and your GST filing frequency (monthly or quarterly). Here are some key deadlines to keep in mind:

  • GSTR-1: Generally due by the 11th of the following month (for monthly filers) or the 13th of the following quarter (for quarterly filers).
  • GSTR-3B: Due by the 20th of the following month (for monthly filers) or the 22nd/24th of the following quarter (for quarterly filers).
  • GSTR-9: Annual return for the previous financial year, typically due by December 31st.

It’s essential to regularly check the GST portal ( for updates on due dates, as they may vary or be extended in certain circumstances.

Avoiding Pitfalls: Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failure to comply with GST regulations can result in significant penalties and potential legal consequences. Here are some common non-compliance scenarios and their associated penalties:

  1. Late Filing of Returns: Delays in filing GST returns can attract late fees and interest on the outstanding tax amount.
  2. Non-Payment of Taxes: If you fail to pay the GST due on your sales, you may face penalties ranging from 10% to 100% of the tax amount, depending on the duration of the delay.
  3. Failure to Register for GST: If your business exceeds the turnover threshold and fails to register for GST when required, you may be liable to pay a penalty of 10% of the tax due (subject to a maximum of ₹25,000).
  4. Incorrect Filing of Returns: Providing inaccurate or false information in your GST returns can lead to penalties, interest charges, and potential prosecution in severe cases.

It’s crucial to maintain meticulous records, file returns accurately and on time, and ensure timely payment of GST to avoid these penalties and maintain compliance with GST regulations.

Your Gateway to Growth: Conclusion

As you embark on your journey of GST registration in India, remember that compliance is not just a legal obligation but a strategic investment in your business’s growth and success. By following the steps outlined in this comprehensive guide, you’ll not only streamline your tax compliance process but also unlock a world of benefits that can propel your business to new heights.

From enhanced credibility and market access to the ability to claim input tax credit and tap into wider customer bases, GST registration is a game-changer. Embrace this opportunity to simplify your tax administration, gain a competitive edge, and position your business for long-term success.

However, navigating the intricacies of GST can be daunting, especially for small businesses or those new to the tax landscape. That’s where professional assistance can be invaluable., a trusted accounting services company, offers a range of legal and business services, including GST registration, income tax filing, trademark registration, and company startup registration.

With a team of experienced professionals and a commitment to excellence, can be your trusted partner throughout the GST registration process and beyond. Their expertise can help you navigate the complexities of tax compliance, ensuring that you stay ahead of the curve and maximize the benefits of GST registration.

“Compliance doesn’t have to be a burden; it can be a catalyst for growth and success.” – Mezhar(Author)

So, why not take the first step towards a streamlined tax compliance journey? Reach out to today, and let their experts guide you through the GST registration process with ease and confidence.

Remember, in the ever-evolving business landscape, staying compliant is not just a necessity; it’s a pathway to success. Embrace the power of GST registration and unlock a world of opportunities for your business.

FAQs: Addressing Your Concerns

  • Can I register for GST if my turnover is below the threshold? 
  • Yes, even if your annual turnover is below the specified threshold, you can voluntarily register for GST. This can be beneficial if you wish to claim input tax credit on your purchases or expand your business to other states.

  • What happens if I don’t register for GST when it’s mandatory? 
  • Failure to register for GST when your turnover exceeds the threshold can result in penalties and legal consequences. It’s crucial to comply with GST regulations to avoid any penalties or disruptions to your business operations.

  • Can I change my GST registration details or scheme later? 
  • Yes, you can amend your GST registration details or switch between different GST schemes if your business circumstances change. However, it’s essential to follow the prescribed procedures and timelines outlined by the GST authorities.

  • What is the validity period of a GST registration? 
  • A GST registration is valid indefinitely unless it is voluntarily cancelled or revoked by the GST authorities due to non-compliance or other reasons. However, it’s essential to keep your registration details up-to-date by informing the GST authorities of any changes in your business information, such as a change in address, legal name, or authorized signatories.

  • How long does it take to obtain a GST registration certificate? 
  • Once your application is complete and approved, you can expect to receive your GST registration certificate (REG-01) within 3-5 working days. However, the processing time may vary depending on the volume of applications and other factors. In some cases, it may take longer for the GST department to review and issue the certificate.

Who is not liable to pay GST in India?

who is liable to  pay GST in India

In the ever-evolving landscape of taxation, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has been a game-changer for businesses in India. However, not everyone is required to partake in this tax voyage. From farmers to religious institutions, certain individuals and organizations are exempt from the GST net, allowing them to focus on their core activities without the burden of tax compliance. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of GST exemptions, unraveling who doesn’t have to pay this tax and why. Get ready to embark on a journey of tax-free bliss!

Understanding GST Registration Thresholds:

Before we dive into the world of exemptions, it’s crucial to grasp the concept of GST registration thresholds. These thresholds determine whether a business needs to register for GST or not, based on their annual turnover. Let’s break it down:

Normal Category States:

  • Supply of Goods: Registration required if turnover exceeds ₹40 lakhs (₹4 million)
  • Supply of Services: Registration required if turnover exceeds ₹20 lakhs (₹2 million)

Special Category States (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura, Uttarakhand, and Himachal Pradesh):

  • Supply of Goods: Registration required if turnover exceeds ₹20 lakhs (₹2 million)
  • Supply of Services: Registration required if turnover exceeds ₹10 lakhs (₹1 million)

Businesses with a turnover below these thresholds are not mandated to register for GST and, consequently, are not liable to pay this tax. However, as with most tax regulations, there are exceptions and additional factors to consider.

Exempt Supplies and Activities:

While turnover is a key factor, certain supplies and activities are entirely exempt from GST, regardless of the business’s turnover. Let’s explore some of these tax-free havens:

Agricultural Delights:

If you’re a farmer selling your agricultural produce directly from the farm, you can rejoice! The sale of agricultural produce by a farmer directly in the course of production is exempt from GST. However, this exemption doesn’t apply to processed or packaged agricultural items or when a non-farmer is involved in the sale.

Territorial Treats:

Supplies of goods between non-taxable territories (like Jammu & Kashmir) and taxable territories (rest of India) are exempt from GST. This territorial treat ensures a seamless flow of goods across these borders without the burden of taxation.

Funeral Services: A Solemn Exception:

In times of grief, the last thing anyone wants to worry about is taxes. Thankfully, services related to funerals, burials, cremations, and mortuaries are exempt from GST, providing solace during difficult moments.

Education: Nurturing Minds, Tax-Free:

Education is the cornerstone of a progressive society, and the GST regime recognizes its importance. Services provided by educational institutions recognized by law, up to a certain fee limit, are exempt from GST, ensuring that knowledge remains accessible to all.

Healthcare: Preserving Life and Wallet:

Your health should never be compromised due to financial constraints. The GST exemption extends to a range of healthcare services provided by hospitals, charitable institutions, and doctors, ensuring that you can prioritize your well-being without worrying about tax implications.

Religious Services: Spiritual Solace, Untaxed:

Spirituality is a fundamental aspect of many lives, and the GST regime respects this by exempting services provided by religious institutions. Whether you seek solace in a place of worship or engage in religious activities, you can do so without the burden of taxation.

Persons Engaged Exclusively in Exempt Supplies:

If you’re an individual or a business dealing exclusively in exempt supplies, you can breathe a sigh of relief. You are not liable for GST registration, which means you can focus on your core activities without the hassle of tax compliance. This includes farmers selling their agricultural produce directly, religious institutions offering religious services, hospitals and clinics providing exempt healthcare services, and educational institutions offering exempt educational services.

However, it’s important to note that if a business engaged in exempt supplies starts supplying taxable goods or services exceeding the registration threshold, they must register for GST.

The Reverse Charge Mechanism (RCM): A Taxing Exception:

While unregistered suppliers are generally exempt from GST, there’s a twist called the Reverse Charge Mechanism (RCM). Under this mechanism, the recipient of the supply (a registered taxable person) becomes responsible for paying GST on the inward supply. This applies to specific categories of services, such as import of services, services received from unregistered suppliers exceeding a certain threshold, and certain types of intra-state supplies of services.

For registered businesses, it’s crucial to be aware of RCM provisions to avoid any tax liabilities lurking in the shadows.

Composition Scheme for Small Businesses: A Simplified Solution:

If you’re a small business with a turnover below a specific limit (currently ₹1 crore for goods and ₹50 lakhs for services), the GST composition scheme might be your tax-free haven. Under this scheme, businesses pay a fixed GST rate on their turnover instead of collecting and depositing GST on individual transactions.

While composition scheme businesses are technically registered under GST, they don’t need to collect GST from customers or file detailed GST returns. However, it’s important to note that they cannot claim input tax credit (ITC) on purchases.

Voluntary Registration: Proactive Tax Compliance:

Even if your business falls below the registration threshold, you can choose to register for GST voluntarily. This proactive approach might be beneficial for businesses that want to claim ITC on purchases, deal with large companies that prefer to source from GST-registered suppliers, or plan to expand their business beyond the threshold limit in the future.

By voluntarily registering, your business becomes a full-fledged taxpayer, subject to all GST compliances like filing returns and paying tax. It’s a strategic decision that can provide long-term advantages.

Expert Insights and Industry Voices:

“GST exemptions are a blessing for small businesses and specific sectors, allowing them to focus on their core operations without the burden of complex tax compliance.” – CA Umar, Tax Consultant at

“The agricultural sector’s exemption from GST is a testament to the government’s commitment to supporting farmers and ensuring food security.” – Amit Kumar, President of the Farmers’ Association of India

“Religious institutions play a vital role in preserving our cultural heritage and spiritual well-being. The GST exemption for their services is a welcome relief.” – Dr. Priya Sharma, Founder of Dharma Foundation

Conclusion: Embracing Tax-Free Serenity:

As we bid adieu to this comprehensive guide, it’s evident that the GST regime in India offers a wide array of exemptions, catering to diverse sectors and activities. From farmers to religious institutions, from healthcare to education, these tax-free havens ensure that essential services remain accessible and affordable.

However, it’s crucial to stay updated on the latest GST exemptions and their specific conditions, as these can change periodically. Consulting a tax professional or referring to official government notifications can provide you with the most recent information, ensuring you navigate the tax landscape with confidence.

Embrace the tax-free serenity that these exemptions offer, and focus on growing your business or pursuing your passions without the added burden of GST compliance.

If you’re a business owner seeking hassle-free tax compliance solutions, is your trusted partner. Our team of experts offers comprehensive accounting and legal services, including GST registration, filing, and advisory. With our guidance, you can navigate the complexities of taxation with ease, freeing up your time and resources to focus on what truly matters – your business success.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Q: If my turnover exceeds the registration threshold, can I still claim exemption from GST?

A: No, once your turnover exceeds the registration threshold, you are required to register for GST and cannot claim exemption.

Q: Are all healthcare services exempt from GST?

A: No, the exemption applies to specific healthcare services provided by hospitals, charitable institutions, and doctors. Certain healthcare services may still be taxable under GST.

Q: If I am engaged in both exempt and taxable supplies, do I need to register for GST?

A: Yes, if you engage in both exempt and taxable supplies, and your turnover from taxable supplies exceeds the registration threshold, you must register for GST.

Q: Can I opt for the composition scheme if I deal in both goods and services?

A: Yes, the composition scheme is available for businesses dealing in both goods and services, as long as their combined turnover falls below the specified limit.

Q: If I voluntarily register for GST, can I later opt-out if my turnover remains below the threshold?

A: Yes, you can opt-out of voluntary GST registration if your turnover remains below the threshold for a specified period.

What is the problem with GST in India? Here’s the Solution to all the Problems

What is the problem with GST in India?


India’s Goods and Services Tax (GST) was hailed as a revolutionary tax reform that would simplify the country’s cumbersome taxation system. Implemented in 2017, GST promised to usher in a new era of transparency, efficiency, and ease of doing business. However, over five years later, the GST regime continues to grapple with significant challenges that undermine its intended benefits. From complex tax structures to technical glitches, several issues have plagued businesses and taxpayers alike. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the top five problems with India’s GST and provide insights into potential solutions.

The Complexity of Multiple GST Tax Slabs:

One of the most pressing problems with the GST regime is the multiplicity of tax slabs. Despite the initial vision of a unified tax structure, the current system features five primary GST rates: 0%, 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. Additionally, there are special rates like 0.25%, 3%, and reduced rates for specific sectors under the composition scheme. This diversity in tax rates has created confusion and complexity, making compliance a daunting task for businesses, especially small and medium enterprises (SMEs).

Overwhelming Compliance Burden:

While GST aimed to simplify tax procedures, the reality has been quite the opposite. Businesses, particularly SMEs, struggle with the intricate filing processes and periodic returns. The compliance burden has increased significantly, consuming valuable resources and increasing the risk of inadvertent errors that could lead to legal complications. This burden not only hinders operational efficiency but also discourages entrepreneurship and growth.

Delayed Input Tax Credit Refunds:

A major concern for businesses operating under the GST regime is the delay in Input Tax Credit (ITC) refunds. These refunds are crucial for maintaining healthy cash flows, and any delay can adversely impact businesses, particularly those with limited financial resources. The delayed refund process has led to liquidity issues, hampering operations and growth opportunities for many enterprises.

Ambiguity Around Anti-Profiteering Rules:

The concept of anti-profiteering under GST was introduced to ensure that businesses pass on the benefits of reduced tax rates to consumers. However, the lack of clear guidelines on what constitutes profiteering has resulted in ambiguity, making it challenging for businesses to determine compliance. This uncertainty has led to legal disputes and hindered the intended positive impact on consumers.

Technical Glitches with the GST Portal:

Despite efforts to digitize and streamline the taxation process, technical glitches in the GST portal remain a persistent issue. Businesses frequently encounter challenges in filing returns, generating e-way bills, and navigating the portal for various processes. These technical issues not only disrupt operations but also erode confidence in the system, potentially leading to non-compliance and revenue losses for the government.

Overcoming the Challenges:

Addressing these challenges is crucial to realizing the full potential of the GST regime. Here are some potential solutions:

Simplify the tax slab structure:

Policymakers should consider consolidating the multiple tax slabs into a fewer number of rates, reducing complexity and improving compliance.

Enhance technological infrastructure:

Investing in robust and user-friendly IT systems for the GST portal can mitigate technical glitches and streamline processes.

Provide clear guidelines:

Issuing comprehensive and unambiguous guidelines on anti-profiteering rules and other aspects of GST can reduce confusion and legal disputes.

Expedite refund processes:

Implementing efficient mechanisms to process ITC refunds promptly can alleviate cash flow constraints for businesses.

Offer assistance and training:

Providing targeted support, guidance, and training programs can help businesses, especially SMEs, navigate the GST regime more effectively.
By addressing these challenges head-on, the Indian government can unlock the true potential of the GST regime, fostering a business-friendly environment, promoting compliance, and driving economic growth.


This article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal or financial advice. Consult with professional experts at for personalized guidance on GST compliance, tax filing, and other legal business services.


What is the GST composition scheme?

The GST composition scheme is a simplified tax compliance regime for small taxpayers with an annual turnover below Rs. 1.5 crore. It allows them to pay GST at a fixed rate of turnover, reducing the compliance burden.

How can businesses claim Input Tax Credit refunds?

Businesses can claim ITC refunds by filing the appropriate GST returns and providing supporting documents. However, the process can be complex, and it is advisable to seek professional assistance from tax experts at

What is the purpose of anti-profiteering rules under GST?

The anti-profiteering rules under GST aim to ensure that businesses pass on the benefits of reduced tax rates to consumers by way of commensurate reductions in prices.

How can businesses overcome technical issues with the GST portal?

While technical glitches can be frustrating, businesses can seek assistance from the GST helpdesk or consult with professional service providers like for guidance on navigating the portal effectively.

How can assist with GST compliance? offers comprehensive GST compliance services, including tax filing, registration, advisory, and representation. Their team of experts can help businesses streamline GST processes, avoid penalties, and ensure seamless compliance.

By acknowledging and addressing these five major problems, India’s GST regime can truly become a “Good and Simple Tax” that fosters ease of doing business, promotes transparency, and drives economic growth.

GSTR-7: A Comprehensive Guide to Return Filing, Format, Eligibility and Rules


Filing GSTR-7, the monthly Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) return, is a compliance requirement for all individuals deducting TDS under Goods and Services Tax (GST). This comprehensive guide will explain everything you need to know about GSTR-7, including the filing format, eligibility, due dates, and other key rules.

Whether you are an accountant helping clients file GSTR-7 or a business owner deducting TDS for the first time, this article will provide clarity on all aspects of GSTR-7. Read on for a detailed understanding of this important GST return.

What is GSTR-7?

GSTR-7 is a monthly return that must be filed by every individual who deducts Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) under GST. It contains details of all:

  • TDS deducted
  • TDS paid
  • TDS payable
  • Any TDS refunds claimed

In simple terms, GSTR-7 provides the government with insights into TDS compliance for the filer. It enables tax authorities to cross-check if the right TDS amounts were deducted and paid correctly.

Filing GSTR-7 is mandatory for all GST registrants who deduct TDS, irrespective of their business type, size or industry. It is an important compliance requirement under GST.

Who Can Deduct TDS under GST?

As per GST laws, the following individuals or entities can deduct TDS:

  • Central or State Government Departments and Establishments
  • Local Authorities
  • Government Agencies
  • Persons or entities notified by the Central or State Governments on recommendation of the GST Council

Additionally, the following can also deduct TDS as per Notification No. 33/2017 – Central Tax dated 15th September 2017:

  • Authorities, boards, or bodies established by Parliament, State Legislatures, or governments and having 51% or more government equity
  • Societies registered under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 and established by the Central or State Governments or local authorities
  • Public Sector Undertakings

These deductors are required to deduct TDS when the total value of a contract exceeds Rs. 2.5 lakhs. The TDS rate is 2% divided as 1% CGST and 1% SGST for intrastate supplies. For interstate supplies, the TDS rate is 2% IGST. However, no TDS will be deducted if supplier and recipient locations are different.

Why is GSTR-7 Important?

Filing GSTR-7 is crucial for:

  • Providing Visibility of TDS Compliance: The government can verify if the right TDS amounts were deducted and deposited correctly each month.
  • Enabling ITC for Suppliers: Suppliers can claim the TDS amount reflected in GSTR-7 as Input Tax Credit (ITC). This helps improve working capital.
  • Avoiding Discrepancies: Any mismatch between GSTR-7 and GSTR-2A can be identified and resolved proactively.
  • Claiming TDS Refunds: Taxpayers can claim TDS refunds seamlessly through GSTR-7 if excess TDS was deducted and taxes paid.

Overall, GSTR-7 return filing ensures disciplined TDS compliance under GST for smooth ITC claims and tax administration.

Due Date for Filing GSTR-7

The due date for filing GSTR-7 is the 10th of the next month. For example, the GSTR-7 deadline for TDS deducted in October 2023 is November 10, 2023.

Strict adherence to the monthly deadline is vital to avoid interest and late fees. The table below summarizes the due dates for GSTR-7 filing for different months:

MonthDue Date for Filing GSTR-7
October 2023November 10, 2023
November 2023December 10, 2023
December 2023January 10, 2024

Penalties for Not Filing GSTR-7

Late filing of GSTR-7 attracts the following repercussions:

  • Late Fees: Rs.50per day (Rs. 25 CGST + Rs. 25 SGST) with a maximum cap of Rs. 2,000
  • Interest: 18% annual interest on TDS amount till date of payment

These penalties apply even if the delay is just by 1 day. Hence, taxpayers must prioritize on-time GSTR-7 filing every month.

How to Revise GSTR-7?

Unlike GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B, GSTR-7 filed for a month cannot be revised.

Any corrections must be reported in the GSTR-7 of the subsequent month. For example, if there is an error in the GSTR-7 filed for October 2023, it can be rectified only through GSTR-7 for November 2023.

Based on the corrections filed, GSTR-7A (the TDS certificate) will also be amended. So taxpayers must be extremely careful while filing GSTR-7 and cross-check all details.

Details Required in GSTR-7

GSTR-7 must be filed online on the Government Portal and contains the following sections:


Auto-populated based on login details

Auto-populated from registration data

3. Details of TDS

Covers GSTIN of deductee, total and TDS amount (CGST, SGST, IGST)

4. Corrections in Earlier Periods

Original and revised details of past month’s TDS

5. Tax Deducted and Paid

Tax amount deducted and paid (CGST, SGST, IGST)

6. Interests and Late Fees

Interest, late fee payable and paid on TDS

7. Refund Claimed

Details for claiming refund of excess TDS

8. Cash Ledger Credits

Auto-populated credits from return filing

Filers must report all information accurately as per their TDS deducted, paid, and pending. Declarations regarding the correctness of data must also be submitted along with the return filing on the portal.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can I file a revised GSTR-7?

A: No, GSTR-7 once filed for a month cannot be revised. Any changes have to be reported in next month’s GSTR-7.

Q: Is there any offline utility for filing GSTR-7?

A:Yes. GSTR 7 return can be filed through offline mode also.

Q: Can I claim refund of excess TDS through GSTR-7?

A: Yes, filers can claim refund of any excess TDS amount through GSTR-7.

Q: What is the maximum late fee for delayed GSTR-7 filing?

A: Maximum Rs. 2,000 (Rs. 1000 CGST + Rs. 1000 SGST)


File error-free GSTR-7 on time every month to avoid penalties and seamlessly enable ITC claims for suppliers. Ensure you report accurate details of all TDS deducted and paid. Double check form accuracy before filing as revisions are not permitted.

Filing GSTR-7 does not have to be confusing or intimidating. By understanding the key rules and formats outlined above, you can discharge your GST TDS compliance with confidence. Reach out to accounting services like Filingwala for any assistance with TDS filing under GST. Their team of experts can help you stay compliant with GSTR-7 filings in a hassle-free manner every month.